05 00 pdt. This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly...

Fri, 3 Nov 2023 04:00 - 05:00 PDT. Location. Online. About this e

11:00 pm in PDT is 6:00 am in GMT. PDT to GMT call time. Best time for a conference call or a meeting is between 8am-11am in PDT which corresponds to 3pm-6pm in GMT. 11:00 pm Pacific Daylight Time (PDT). Offset UTC -7:00 hours. 6:00 am Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Offset UTC 0:00 hours.This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Oslo, Norway time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Oslo, Norway time is 9 hours ahead of PDT. 3:00 am in GMT is 8:00 pm in PDT. GMT to PDT call time. Best time for a conference call or a meeting is between 3pm-6pm in GMT which corresponds to 8am-11am in PDT. 3:00 am Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Offset UTC 0:00 hours. 8:00 pm Pacific Daylight Time (PDT). Offset UTC -7:00 hours. 11:00 pm in PDT is 6:00 am in GMT. PDT to GMT call time. Best time for a conference call or a meeting is between 8am-11am in PDT which corresponds to 3pm-6pm in GMT. 11:00 pm Pacific Daylight Time (PDT). Offset UTC -7:00 hours. 6:00 am Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Offset UTC 0:00 hours.Time Difference. Pacific Daylight Time is 15 hours behind Malaysia Time. 12:30 am in PDT is 3:30 pm in MYT. PDT to MYT call time. Best time for a conference call or a meeting is between 5:30am-7:30am in PDT which corresponds to 8:30pm-10:30pm in MYT. 12:30 am Pacific Daylight Time (PDT). Offset UTC -7:00 hours.Time Difference. Pacific Daylight Time is 12 hours and 30 minutes behind India Standard Time. 9:00 pm in PDT is 9:30 am in IST. PDT to IST call time. Best time for a conference call or a meeting is between 6:30am-8:30am in PDT which corresponds to 7pm-9pm in IST. 9:00 pm Pacific Daylight Time (PDT). Offset UTC -7:00 hours. Time difference between Pacific Daylight Time and Eastern Standard Time including per hour local time conversion table World Time Zone Map. Time Converter. PDT to EST. 24 timezones tz. ... 05:00. Sunday, October 22, 2023 = Eastern Standard Time. 7:00 am. 07:00. Sunday, October 22, 2023.Time Difference. Pacific Daylight Time is 7 hours behind Universal Time Coordinated. 9:30 pm in PDT is 4:30 am in UTC. PDT to UTC call time. Best time for a conference call or a meeting is between 8am-11am in PDT which corresponds to 3pm-6pm in UTC. 9:30 pm Pacific Daylight Time (PDT). Offset UTC -7:00 hours.1:00 PM (13:00) PDT. 10:30 PM (22:30) Paris Time =. 1:30 PM (13:30) PDT. 11:00 PM (23:00) Paris Time =. 2:00 PM (14:00) PDT. 11:30 PM (23:30) Paris Time =. 2:30 PM (14:30) PDT. ↗ Show Pacific Daylight Time to Paris, France Time Conversion Chart Instead. Pacific Daylight Time and Paris Time Calculator.Pacific Daylight Time and Warsaw Poland Time Converter Calculator, Pacific Daylight Time and Warsaw Time Conversion Table.Pacific Time (PT) ... In the United States and Canada, this time zone is generically called Pacific Time (PT). Specifically, it is Pacific Standard Time (PST) ...PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Los Angeles, California time is 0 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be . Other conversions: Los Angeles Time to PDT. Getting Started. 1 Add locations (or remove, set home, order) 2 Mouse over hours to convert time at a glance 3 Click hour tiles to schedule and share + Sign in to save settings - it ...Converting PDT to Riyadh Time. This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Riyadh, Saudi Arabia time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia time is 10 hours ahead of PDT.5am PDT is 5:00:00 AM. your time assuming the date is today and your time zone is PDT. theirs. yours. Found a bug, have feedback, want to take a look at the code?PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur time is 15 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be . Other conversions: PDT to Beirut Time, PDT to Miami Time, PDT to Quebec Time, Kuala Lumpur Time to PDT. Getting Started. 1 Add locations (or remove, set home, order) 2 Mouse over hours to convert time at a glance 3 …Pacific Daylight Time and South Africa Time Calculator. South Africa Time: Pacific Daylight Time (PDT): • South Africa Time Offset: UTC/GMT +2This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Montreal, Quebec time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Montreal, Quebec time is 3 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be.1:00 PM (13:00) PDT. 10:30 PM (22:30) Paris Time =. 1:30 PM (13:30) PDT. 11:00 PM (23:00) Paris Time =. 2:00 PM (14:00) PDT. 11:30 PM (23:30) Paris Time =. 2:30 PM (14:30) PDT. ↗ Show Pacific Daylight Time to Paris, France Time Conversion Chart Instead. Pacific Daylight Time and Paris Time Calculator.• 5:00 AM British Summer Time conversion to worldwide times: Adelaide * 2:30 PM. Athens * 7:00 AM. Auckland * 5:00 PM. Beijing. 12:00 PM. Berlin * 6:00 AM. Brisbane. 2:00 PM. Cairo. 6:00 AM. ... (CDT) • Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) • Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) • Alaska Daylight Time (AKDT) ...1 Add locations (or remove, set home, order) 2 Mouse over hours to convert time at a glance. 3 Click hour tiles to schedule and share. + Sign in to save settings - it's FREE! Quickly convert Mountain Standard Time (MST) to Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) with this easy-to-use, modern time zone converter.6 AM ( 6:00 ) Pacific Daylight Time to Your Local Time and Worldwide Time Conversions. ... » PDT to Worldwide Timezone Converters • Pacific Daylight Time Offset: UTC -7 • 6:00 AM Pacific Daylight Time conversion to worldwide times: Adelaide * 11:30 PM. Athens * 4:00 PM. Auckland *CEST to PDT call time. Best time for a conference call or a meeting is between 5pm-7pm in CEST which corresponds to 8am-10am in PDT. 8:00 am Central European Summer …Pacific Daylight Time (PDT): • Vietnam Time Offset: UTC/GMT +7 • Pacific Daylight Time Offset: UTC/GMT-7 » Click here for Vietnam Time to Local Time Conversion. This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Belgrade, Serbia time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Belgrade, Serbia time is 9 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be.Converting PDT to GMT. This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to GMT and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. GMT is known as Greenwich Mean Time. GMT is 7 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be. Pacific Daylight Time and Rome Italy Time Converter Calculator, Pacific Daylight Time and Rome Time Conversion Table.Daylight Saving: Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) is a daylight saving/summer timezone, however during winter some places switch clocks for one hour back and observe Pacific Standard Time (PST). Start: Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) started on Sunday, March 12, 2023 at 2:00 am local time and clocks were set one hour forward to Sunday, March 12, 2023, 3:00 am.Pacific Daylight Time and Poland Time Converter Calculator, Pacific Daylight Time and Poland Time Conversion Table.This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to AEST and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. AEST is known as Australian Eastern Standard Time. AEST is 18 hours ahead of PDT. Greenwich Mean Time and Pacific Daylight Time Converter Calculator, GMT and PDT Conversion Table.Converting GMT to PDT. This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert GMT to PDT and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! GMT stands for Greenwich Mean Time. PDT is known as Pacific Daylight Time. PDT is 7 hours behind GMT. So, when it is it will be. This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Belgrade, Serbia time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Belgrade, Serbia time is 9 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be.Pacific Daylight Time. Saturday Oct, 21, 2023. 05:00 PM. Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) PDT is 7 hours behind Universal Time.This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Copenhagen, Denmark time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Copenhagen, Denmark time is 9 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be.» PDT to Worldwide Timezone Converters • Pacific Daylight Time Offset: UTC -7 • 12:00 PM Pacific Daylight Time conversion to worldwide times: Adelaide * 5:30 AM Next Day. Athens * 10:00 PM. Auckland * 8:00 AM Next Day. Beijing. 3:00 AM Next Day. Berlin * 9:00 PM. Brisbane. 5:00 AM Next Day. Cairo.This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert UTC to PDT and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! UTC stands for Universal Time. PDT is known as Pacific Daylight Time. PDT is 7 hours behind UTC. Daylight Saving: Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) is a daylight saving/summer timezone, however during winter some places switch clocks for one hour back and observe Pacific …Converting BST to PDT. This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert BST to PDT and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! BST stands for British Summer Time. PDT is known as Pacific Daylight Time. PDT is 8 hours behind BST. So, when it is it will be.This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Stockholm, Sweden time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Stockholm, Sweden time is 9 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be. The best time to call from Pacific Time to Eastern Time Zone. When planning a call between Pacific Time and Eastern Time, you need to consider time difference between these time zones. PT is 3 hours behind of ET. If you are in PT, the most convenient time to accommodate all parties is between 9:00 am and 3:00 pm for a conference call or meeting.PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Toronto, Ontario time is 3 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be . Other conversions: PDT to Dhaka Time, PDT to Las Vegas Time, PDT to Glasgow Time, Toronto Time to PDT. Getting Started. 1 Add locations (or remove, set home, order) 2 Mouse over hours to convert time at a glance 3 Click hour tiles to ...Convert UTC time to Pacific Daylight Time (North America). PDT time zone offset is UTC-07. ... PDT Time; 12:00 AM: 05:00 PM: 01:00 AM: 06:00 PM: 02:00 AM: 07:00 PM ...This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Jakarta, Indonesia time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Jakarta, Indonesia time is 14 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be. Time difference between Pacific Daylight Time and Eastern Standard Time including per hour local time conversion table World Time Zone Map. Time Converter. PDT to EST. 24 timezones tz. ... 05:00. Sunday, October 22, 2023 = Eastern Standard Time. 7:00 am. 07:00. Sunday, October 22, 2023.PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Bogota, Colombia time is 2 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be . Other conversions: Bogota Time to PDT. Getting Started. 1 Add locations (or remove, set home, order) 2 Mouse over hours to convert time at a glance 3 Click hour tiles to schedule and share + Sign in to save settings - it's FREE ...PDT to CST Converter - Convert Pacific Time to Central Time - World Time Buddy Link to this view Place or timezone 22 Oct 23 24 25 26 27 28 PDT / PST Pacific Daylight Time (US) 1:45 a Mon, Oct 23 -1:45 a Mon, Oct 23 Mon Oct 23 1 am PDT 2 am PDT 3 am PDT 4 am PDT 5 am PDT 6 am PDT 7 am PDT 8 am PDT 9 am PDT 10 am PDT 11 am PDT 12 pm PDT 1 pm PDT1 AM ( 1:00 ) Pacific Daylight Time to Your Local Time and Worldwide Time Conversions. ... » PDT to Worldwide Timezone Converters • Pacific Daylight Time Offset: UTC -7 • 1:00 AM Pacific Daylight Time conversion to worldwide times: Adelaide * 6:30 PM. Athens * 11:00 AM. Auckland *• Pacific Daylight Time Offset: UTC -7 • 7:00 AM Pacific Daylight Time conversion to worldwide times: Adelaide * 0:30 AM Next Day. Athens * 5:00 PM. Auckland * Pacific Daylight Time (North America) UTC bzw. GMT. Koordinierte Weltzeit Coordinated Universal Time: Temps universel coordonné ...Pacific Daylight Time is 20 hours behind New Zealand Daylight Time. 3:00 pm in PDT is 11:00 am in NZDT. PDT to NZST call time. Best time for a conference call or a meeting is between 3:30am-5:30am in PDT which corresponds to 10:30pm-12:30pm in NZST. 3:00 pm Pacific Daylight Time (PDT). Offset UTC -7:00 hours.This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Bogota, Colombia time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Bogota, Colombia time is 2 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be.The best time to call from Pacific Time to Eastern Time Zone. When planning a call between Pacific Time and Eastern Time, you need to consider time difference between these time zones. PT is 3 hours behind of ET. If you are in PT, the most convenient time to accommodate all parties is between 9:00 am and 3:00 pm for a conference call or …The best time to call from Pacific Time to Eastern Time Zone. When planning a call between Pacific Time and Eastern Time, you need to consider time difference between these time zones. PT is 3 hours behind of ET. If you are in PT, the most convenient time to accommodate all parties is between 9:00 am and 3:00 pm for a conference call or meeting ...Daylight Saving: Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) is a daylight saving/summer timezone, however during winter some places switch clocks for one hour back and observe Pacific Standard Time (PST). Start: Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) started on Sunday, March 12, 2023 at 2:00 am local time and clocks were set one hour forward to Sunday, March 12, 2023, …Greenwich Mean Time is 7 hours ahead of Pacific Daylight Time 3:00 am in GMT is 8:00 pm in PDT GMT to PDT call time Best time for a conference call or a meeting is between 3pm-6pm in GMT which corresponds to 8am-11am in PDT 3:00 am Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Offset UTC 0:00 hours 8:00 pm Pacific Daylight Time (PDT). Offset UTC -7:00 hoursTime Difference. Pacific Daylight Time is 16 hours behind Japan Standard Time. 1:00 am in PDT is 5:00 pm in JST. PDT to JST call time. Best time for a conference call or a meeting is between 5am-7am in PDT which corresponds to 9pm-11pm in JST. 1:00 am Pacific Daylight Time (PDT). Offset UTC -7:00 hours.Greenwich Mean Time is 7 hours ahead of Pacific Daylight Time 3:00 am in GMT is 8:00 pm in PDT GMT to PDT call time Best time for a conference call or a meeting is between 3pm-6pm in GMT which corresponds to 8am-11am in PDT 3:00 am Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Offset UTC 0:00 hours 8:00 pm Pacific Daylight Time (PDT). Offset UTC -7:00 hours6 jul 2023 ... 0:00. 0:00 / 53:43• Live. •. An ... Consulta aqui puedo obtener reportes del R01 R05 entre otros asi como se generan en el Aplicativo del PDT ...• Pacific Daylight Time Offset: UTC -7 • 7:00 AM Pacific Daylight Time conversion to worldwide times: Adelaide * 0:30 AM Next Day. Athens * 5:00 PM. Auckland *Time Difference. Pacific Daylight Time is 12 hours and 30 minutes behind India Standard Time. 9:00 pm in PDT is 9:30 am in IST. PDT to IST call time. Best time for a conference call or a meeting is between 6:30am-8:30am in PDT which corresponds to 7pm-9pm in IST. 9:00 pm Pacific Daylight Time (PDT). Offset UTC -7:00 hours.PDT is known as Pacific Daylight Time. PDT is 12.5 hours behind IST. So, when it is it will be . Other conversions: IST to Hong Kong Time, IST to Melbourne Time, IST to Copenhagen Time, IST to Austin Time. Getting Started. 1 Add locations (or remove, set home, order) 2 Mouse over hours to convert time at a glance 3 Click hour tiles to …Pacific Daylight Time : 0:00 AM (0:00) GMT ( UTC ) : 7:00 AM (7:00) » Pacific Daylight Time to Local Time Main Conversion Page Scale: PDT to Local Time Conversion Chart ( Reverse the chart below ) 0:00 AM (0:00) PDT = 0:00 AM (0:00) Local Time 0:30 AM (0:30) PDT = 0:30 AM (0:30) Local Time 1:00 AM (1:00) PDT = 1:00 AM (1:00) Local TimeView the PDT to EST conversion below. Pacific Daylight Time is 2 hours behind Eastern Standard Time. Convert more time zones by visiting the time zone page and clicking on common time zone conversions. Or use the form at the bottom of this page for easy conversion.This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Santiago, Chile time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Santiago, Chile time is 4 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be.5:00 pm PDT might be unsuitable for EST time zone. When planning a call between Pacific Daylight Time and Eastern Standard Time, you need to consider time difference between these time zones. PDT is 2 hours behind of EST. It is 5:00 pm in PDT. This does not fall within the span of usual working time between 11:00 am and 6:00 pm in EST, but it ...This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Toronto, Ontario time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Toronto, Ontario time is 3 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be.Fri, 3 Nov 2023 04:00 - 05:00 PDT. Location. Online. About this event. 1 hour; Mobile eTicket; The AI Fringe is a series of events hosted across London and the UK to …1 Add locations (or remove, set home, order) 2 Mouse over hours to convert time at a glance. 3 Click hour tiles to schedule and share. + Sign in to save settings - it's FREE! Quickly convert Universal Time (UTC) to Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) with this easy-to-use, modern time zone converter.Converting PDT to GMT. This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to GMT and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. GMT is known as Greenwich Mean Time. GMT is 7 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be. This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Montreal, Quebec time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Montreal, Quebec time is 3 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be.This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Prague, Czech Republic time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Prague, Czech Republic time is 9 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be.5:00 AM (5:00) Local Time 5:30 AM (5:30) PDT = 5:30 AM (5:30) Local Time 6:00 AM (6:00) PDT = 6:00 AM (6:00) Local Time 6:30 AM (6:30) PDT = 6:30 AM (6:30) Local Time 7:00 AM (7:00) PDT = 7:00 AM (7:00) Local Time 7:30 AM (7:30) PDT = 7:30 AM (7:30) Local Time 8:00 AM (8:00) PDT = 8:00 AM (8:00) Local TimeThis time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Mexico City, Mexico time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Mexico City, Mexico time is 1 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be. This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Bangkok, Thailand time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Bangkok, Thailand time is 14 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be. Pacific Daylight Time and Vietnam Time Converter Calculator, Pacific Daylight Time and Vietnam Time Conversion Table.Currently observing PDT. Areas with same time currently (UTC -7). Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) is 7 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). This time zone is a Daylight …This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to EST and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the …Pacific Daylight Time (PDT): • Warsaw, Poland Time Offset: UTC/GMT +2 • Pacific Daylight Time Offset: UTC/GMT-7 » Click here for Warsaw Time to Local Time Conversion. » Click here for PDT to Local Time Conversion. » Pacific Standard Time Conversions. PST ↔ Greenwich Mean Time;5:00 AM (5:00) Local Time 5:30 AM (5:30) PDT = 5:30 AM (5:30) Local Time 6:00 AM (6:00) PDT = 6:00 AM (6:00) Local Time 6:30 AM (6:30) PDT = 6:30 AM (6:30) Local Time 7:00 AM (7:00) PDT = 7:00 AM (7:00) Local Time 7:30 AM (7:30) PDT = 7:30 AM (7:30) Local Time 8:00 AM (8:00) PDT = 8:00 AM (8:00) Local TimeThis time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert PDT to Toronto, Ontario time and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column... and done! PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Toronto, Ontario time is 3 hours ahead of PDT. So, when it is it will be. . PDT ↔ Malaysia Time; PDT ↔ Singapore Time; PDT ↔ AustrPacific Daylight Time and Poland Time Converter Calculator, Pa 3 AM ( 3:00 ) Pacific Daylight Time to Your Local Time and Worldwide Time Conversions. ... » PDT to Worldwide Timezone Converters • Pacific Daylight Time Offset: UTC -7 • 3:00 AM Pacific Daylight Time conversion to worldwide times: Adelaide * … PDT stands for Pacific Daylight Time. Beijing, China time 4 AM ( 4:00 ) Pacific Daylight Time to Your Local Time and Worldwide Time Conversions. ... » PDT to Worldwide Timezone Converters • Pacific Daylight Time Offset: UTC -7 • 4:00 AM Pacific Daylight Time conversion to worldwide times: Adelaide * …Pacific Daylight Time (PDT): • Vietnam Time Offset: UTC/GMT +7 • Pacific Daylight Time Offset: UTC/GMT-7 » Click here for Vietnam Time to Local Time Conversion. » PDT to Worldwide Timezone Converters • Pac...

Continue Reading